Your home is likely your most significant financial and emotional investment. It’s more than just a place to eat and sleep. It’s where your family spends time together and creates lifelong memories. Maintaining your home is important to your family’s safety and health. Even the smallest amount of water in your basement can be alarming to homeowners. While some dampness in a basement is inevitable, finding out how water is entering your basement could prevent a small problem from becoming a large one.
Water entering through foundation cracks is one of the most common sources of water for basements and crawlspaces. Settling or shrinking is the most likely culprit of most foundation cracks.
Concrete slabs forming your garage floor, patios, or other structures are poured after the ground has been sifted and shifted during the construction process. This can cause air pockets beneath the slab. Water finds these air pockets and creates underground streams of water that eventually find their way to your basement or crawlspace.
Metal form ties are used when concrete is poured. Over time these ties can rust and create holes in the concrete, leaving space for water to collect. A white chalky residue on the outside of a concrete wall, called efflorescence, is evidence of water collecting and evaporating, leaving behind salt and other water-soluble materials.
Downspouts are critical in keeping rainwater away from your home’s foundation. Poor-fitting or damaged downspouts can allow water to pool around your foundation and leak into basements and crawlspaces.
When new concrete is poured against existing concrete, this is called a cold pour. Cold poor concrete joints are weaker than other joints and more susceptible to water leakage.
The footing joint is another common area for water to enter basements and crawlspaces. This is where the wall, floor, and footing come together, though formed separately. Expansion and contraction between these three can leave spaces for water to enter.
Weak spots around windows create an easy opportunity for water to enter. Weak spots may come from improperly installed or deteriorating windows.
Sill plates form the bottom of the wall structures for your home. Wall studs are attached to the sill plate and are anchored to the home’s foundation. If the grade is above the level of the sill plate, water can collect around your foundation walls.
Heavy rains or rising water can saturate the ground and lead to hydrostatic pressure, or water pressure, which pushes water through your basement walls and floor.
Concrete is generally water-resistant when mixed correctly and consistently. Concrete that was not properly mixed can have porous spots that are most susceptible to water.
Water takes the path of least resistance. Once it finds that path, it will continue to follow it. What starts as a drip could end as a flood. Paying attention to the early warning signs of water in your basement is imperative.
Regardless of how water is coming into your basement, the potential consequences are the same: damage to the foundation and structure of your home and personal belongings. More importantly, mold growth and poor air quality could affect your family’s overall health and well-being.
Everdry Waterproofing can ease your concerns about water in your basement and crawlspace with a free inspection to help you keep your home safe and dry. Our well-trained waterproofing technicians are dedicated to complete customer satisfaction. Keeping your family and property safe is your utmost priority. Helping you achieve this is ours.